Fuel Cell Electric
A number of fuel cell powered electric vehicles are on the roads worldwide, including passenger cars, delivery trucks, buses and military vehicles. Researchers are working to bring down fuel cell and related component costs and to improve durability to enable full commercialization. California boasts the largest number of fuel cell fleets, and there are demonstration projects nationwide, including Washington, DC.
Advantages of fuel cell electric vehicles:
- Zero tailpipe emissions (no CO2 or other pollutants)
- Higher energy efficiency than the internal combustion engine
- Regenerative braking captures and reuses braking energy
- Potential of near-zero well-to-wheel emissions when using renewable fuels to produce hydrogen
- Energy security: no dependence on petroleum
- Grid connection potential providing energy "on call" to the grid
- Cost reduction
- Increased reliability and durability
- Hydrogen generation, distribution, dispensing and onboard storage
- Availability and affordability of hydrogen refueling
- Codes and standards development
- Scalability for mass manufacture
- Consumer education
"Air Products reports 347,000 hydrogen fuelings per year" (Fuel Cells in America)
"Major corporations like IKEA, FedEx, Hilton Hotels and Coca-Cola [use fuel cell vehicles in their fleets]" (The Business Case for Fuel Cells)
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50 hydrogen filling stations for Germany: Federal Ministry of Transportation and industrial partners build nationwide network of filling stations
Jun 20, 2012The German Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS) and several industrial companies today signed a joint Letter of Intent to expand the network of hydrogen filling stations in Germany. By 2015, Germany will have a supply network of at least 50 public filling stations.